Skip to main content

Validator Hosting

Below are the suggestions for properly hosting a validator node in a Polygon Edge network. Please pay careful attention to all the items listed below to make sure that your validator setup is properly configured to be secure, stable and performant.

Knowledge base

Before trying to run the validator node, please read through this document thoroughly.
Additional docs that might be helpful are:

Minimum system requirements

TypeValueInfluenced by
CPU2 cores
  • Number of JSON-RPC queries
  • Size of the blockchain state
  • Block gas limit
  • Block time
RAM2 GB
  • Number of JSON-RPC queries
  • Size of the blockchain state
  • Block gas limit
Disk
  • 10 GB root patition
  • 30 GB root partition with LVM for disk extension
  • Size of the blockchain state

Service configuration

polygon-edge binary needs to run as a system service automatically upon established network connectivity and have start / stop / restart functionalities. We recommend using a service manager like systemd.

Example systemd system configuration file:

[Unit]
Description=Polygon Edge Server
After=network.target
StartLimitIntervalSec=0

[Service]
Type=simple
Restart=always
RestartSec=10
User=ubuntu
ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/polygon-edge server --config /home/ubuntu/polygon/config.yaml

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

Binary

In production workloads polygon-edge binary should only be deployed from pre-built GitHub release binaries - not by manually compiling.

info

By manually compiling develop GitHub branch, you may introduce breaking changes to your environment.
For that reason it is recommended to deploy Polygon Edge binary exclusively from releases, as it will contain information about breaking changes and how to overcome them.

Please refer to Installation for a complete overview of installation method.

Data storage

The data/ folder containing the entire blockchain state should be mounted on a dedicated disk / volume allowing for automatic disk backups, volume extension and optionally mounting the disk/volume to another instance in case of failure.

Log files

Log files need to be rotated on a daily basis (with a tool like logrotate).

danger

If configured without log rotation, log files could use up all the available disk space which could disrupt the validator uptime.

Example logrotate configuration:

/home/ubuntu/polygon/logs/node.log
{
rotate 7
daily
missingok
notifempty
compress
prerotate
/usr/bin/systemctl stop polygon-edge.service
endscript
postrotate
/usr/bin/systemctl start polygon-edge.service
endscript
}

Refer to the Logging section below for recommendations on log storage.

Additional dependencies

polygon-edge is statically compiled, requiring no additional host OS dependencies.

Maintenance

Below are the best practices for maintaining a running validator node of a Polygon Edge network.

Backup

There are two types of backup procedures recommended for Polygon Edge nodes.

The suggestion is to use both, whenever possible, with the Polygon Edge backup being an always available option.

  • Volume backup:
    Daily incremental backup of the data/ volume of the Polygon Edge node, or of the complete VM if possible.
  • Polygon Edge backup:
    Daily CRON job which does regular backups of Polygon Edge and moves the .dat files to an offsite location or to a secure cloud object storage is recommended.

The Polygon Edge backup should ideally not overlap with the Volume backup described above.

Refer to Backup/restore node instance for instructions on how to perform backups of Polygon Edge.

Logging

The logs outputted by the Polygon Edge nodes should:

  • be sent to an external data store with indexing and searching capabilities
  • have a log retention period of 30 days

If this is your first time setting up a Polygon Edge validator, we recommend to start the node with the --log-level=DEBUG option to be able to quickly debug any issues you might face.

info

The --log-level=DEBUG will make the node's log output be as verbose as possible.
Debug logs will drastically increase the size of the log file which must be taken into account when setting up log rotation solution.

OS security patches

Administrators need to ensure that the validator instance OS is always updated with the latest patches at least once every month.

Metrics

System metrics

Administrators need to setup some kind of system metrics monitor, (e.g. Telegraf + InfluxDB + Grafana or a 3rd party SaaS).

Metrics that need to be monitored and that need to have alarm notifications setup:

Metric nameAlarm threshold
CPU usage (%)> 90% for more than 5 minutes
RAM utilization (%)> 90% for more than 5 minutes
Root disk utilization> 90%
Data disk utilization> 90%

Validator metrics

Administrators need to setup collection of metrics from Polygon Edge's Prometheus API to be able to monitor the blockchain performance.

Refer to Prometheus metrics to understand which metrics are being exposed and how to set up Prometheus metric collection.

Extra attention needs to be paid to the following metrics:

  • Block production time - if block production time is higher than normal, there is a potential problem with the network
  • Number of consensus rounds - if there is more than 1 round, there is a potential problem with the validator set in the network
  • Number of peers - if the number of peers drop, there is a connectivity issue in the network

Security

Below are the best practices for securing a running validator node of a Polygon Edge network.

API services

  • JSON-RPC - Only API service that needs to be exposed to the public ( via load balancer or directly ).
    This API should run on all interfaces or on a specific IP address ( example: --json-rpc 0.0.0.0:8545 or --json-prc 192.168.1.1:8545 ).
    info

    As this is publicly facing API it is recommended to have a load balancer / reverse proxy in front of it to provide security and rate limiting.

  • LibP2P - This is the networking API used by nodes for peer communication. It needs to run on all interfaces or on a specific ip address ( --libp2p 0.0.0.0:1478 or --libp2p 192.168.1.1:1478 ). This API should not be publicly exposed, but it should be reachable from all other nodes.
    info

    If ran on localhost ( --libp2p 127.0.0.1:1478 ) other nodes will not be able to connect.

  • GRPC - This API is used only for running operator commands and noting else. As such it should run exclusively on localhost ( --grpc-address 127.0.0.1:9632 ).

Polygon Edge secrets

Polygon Edge secrets ( ibft and libp2p keys ) should not be stored on a local file system.
Instead, a supported Secret Manager should be used.
Storing secrets to local file system should only be used in non-production environments.

Update

Following is the desired update procedure for validator nodes, described as step-by-step instructions.

Update procedure

  • Download the latest Polygon Edge binary from the official GitHub releases
  • Stop the Polygon Edge service ( example: sudo systemctl stop polygon-edge.service )
  • Replace the existing polygon-edge binary with the downloaded one ( example: sudo mv polygon-edge /usr/local/bin/ )
  • Check if correct polygon-edge version is in place by running polygon-edge version - it should correspond to the release version
  • Check the release documentation if there are any backwards compatibility steps needed to be done before starting polygon-edge service
  • Start polygon-edge service ( example: sudo systemctl start polygon-edge.service )
  • Finally, check the polygon-edge log output and make sure everything is running without any [ERROR] logs
danger

When there is a breaking release, this update procedure must be performed on all nodes as the currently running binary is not compatible with the new release.

This means that the chain must be halted for a short period of time ( until polygon-edge binaries are replaced and service restarted ) so plan accordingly.

You can use tools like Ansible or some custom script to perform the update efficiently and minimize chain downtime.

Startup procedure

Following is the desired flow of the startup procedure for Polygon Edge validator

  • Read through the docs listed in Knowlege Base section
  • Apply the latest OS patches on the validator node
  • Download the latest polygon-edge binary from the official GitHub releases and place it in local instance PATH
  • Initialize one of the supported secrets managers using polygon-edge secrets generate CLI command
  • Generate and store secrets using polygon-edge secrets init CLI command
  • Take note of NodeID and Public key (address) values
  • Generate genesis.json file as described in cloud setup using polygon-edge genesis CLI command
  • Generate default config file using polygon-edge server export CLI command
  • Edit default-config.yaml file to accommodate local validator node environment ( file paths, etc. )
  • Create a Polygon Edge service ( systemd or similar ) where polygon-edge binary will run the server from a default-config.yaml file
  • Start Polygon Edge server by starting the service ( example: systemctl start polygon-edge )
  • Check the polygon-edge log output and make sure the blocks are being generated and that there are no [ERROR] logs
  • Check the chain functionality by calling a JSON-RPC method like eth_chainId